Sintomas depressivos e ansiosos na equipe de enfermagem durante a pandemia da COVID-19: revisão sistemática

Autores

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.25118/2763-9037.2024.v14.1051

Palavras-chave:

COVID- 19, ansiedade, depressão, transtorno mental, equipe de enfermagem, enfermagem

Resumo

Objetivo: Analisar a prevalência de sintomas de ansiedade e depressão em profissionais de enfermagem durante o atendimento a pacientes com COVID-19. Método: revisão sistemática, conforme recomendações do PRISMA, com delimitação baseada na estratificação de componentes PICO. Busca realizada nas bases de dados da Pubmed, LILACS, Scielo e BVS e WHO-COVID-19, com estudos originais transversais, durante o período de janeiro de 2020 a janeiro de 2022. Os estudos selecionados tiveram sua qualidade metodológica avaliada por meio do Joanna Briggs Institute Checklist for Analytical Cross Sectional Studies. Os achados foram verificados por meio de distribuições de frequências simples das variáveis analisadas. Resultados: Foram identificados 1.500 estudos através das estratégias de busca, destes 22 foram incluídos por meio dos critérios de elegibilidade. A pandemia de COVID-19 desencadeou um enorme impacto na saúde mental dos profissionais de enfermagem, sobretudo mulheres, com idade igual ou superior a 30 anos, casadas, enfermeiras, jornada laboral maior que 30 horas semanais, com menos de 10 anos de efetiva atuação profissional e com vínculo público. Conclusão: A presente revisão sistemática encontrou elevados níveis de sintomas ansiosos e depressivos na equipe de enfermagem durante a pandemia da COVID-19. Esse dado aponta para a necessidade de criação de estratégias de cuidado da saúde mental desta população.

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Biografia do Autor

Antônio Sávio Inácio, Enfermeiro, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, UFPE, Recife, PE, Brasil

Aldo Ferreira Castello Branco Vilar, Médico Residente, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, UFPE, Recife, PE, Brasil

Sibila Lilian Osis, Enfermeira, Universidade do Estado do Amazonas, UEA, Manaus, AM, Brasil

Leonardo Machado Tavares, Médico, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, UFPE, Recife, PE, Brasil

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2024-01-04

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Inácio AS, Vilar AFCB, Osis SL, Tavares LM. Sintomas depressivos e ansiosos na equipe de enfermagem durante a pandemia da COVID-19: revisão sistemática. Debates em Psiquiatria [Internet]. 4º de janeiro de 2024 [citado 1º de março de 2024];14:1-30. Disponível em: https://revistardp.org.br/revista/article/view/1051

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