Transtorno de personalidade borderline em tempos de COVID-19 e abordagens terapêuticas: uma revisão narrativa de abordagens não farmacológicas

Autores

  • Flávia Marques Melandi de Lima Especializanda em Psiquiatria, Instituição de Ensino Cyro Martins, Porto Alegre, RS, Brasil https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4531-6418
  • Milton Armando Teresa Malai Moçambique Médico Chefe Distrital do Ministério da Saúde de Moçambique, Moçambique https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5288-2207

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.25118/2763-9037.2023.v13.787

Palavras-chave:

COVID-19, transtorno de personalidade borderline, tratamento não farmacológico

Resumo

A pandemia de COVID-19 afetou todos os aspectos da vida, com a disseminação do vírus globalmente e o isolamento social como medida preventiva mais difundida. A pandemia de COVID-19 é uma realidade potencialmente perigosa que pode afetar negativamente o curso clínico dos pacientes com transtorno de personalidade borderline (TPB) e acarretar graves consequências por falta de apoio. O objetivo deste trabalho foi aferir como a COVID-19 afetou os pacientes com TPB e quais abordagens não farmacológicas foram usadas. Os pacientes com TPB são mais solitários, têm menos contatos sociais e menor necessidade e gosto por interação social, se comparados com a população em geral. É necessário que os profissionais de saúde sejam habilitados em programas de terapias ou psicoterapias breves, e esse custo pode ser compensado pelo maior bem-estar das famílias, bem como pela redução dos sintomas psiquiátricos e da sobrecarga no ambiente familiar. A terapia comportamental dialética (TCD) foi a terapia mais utilizada e a que mais mostrou resultados positivos. Em comparação com a TCD, ainda há um trabalho considerável a ser feito para aplicação da terapia de esquema (TE) e da terapia de aceitação e compromisso (TAC) no tratamento dos pacientes com TPB, pois ainda existem poucos profissionais capacitados.

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Biografia do Autor

Flávia Marques Melandi de Lima, Especializanda em Psiquiatria, Instituição de Ensino Cyro Martins, Porto Alegre, RS, Brasil

Milton Armando Teresa Malai Moçambique, Médico Chefe Distrital do Ministério da Saúde de Moçambique, Moçambique

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2023-09-11

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Lima FMM de, Moçambique MATM. Transtorno de personalidade borderline em tempos de COVID-19 e abordagens terapêuticas: uma revisão narrativa de abordagens não farmacológicas. Debates em Psiquiatria [Internet]. 11º de setembro de 2023 [citado 24º de junho de 2024];13:1-25. Disponível em: https://revistardp.org.br/revista/article/view/787

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