Como a pandemia de COVID-19 afetou os hábitos de sono das crianças e dos adolescentes: uma revisão sistemática

Autores

  • Bruno da Silva Athanasio Graduando, Medicina, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, UFMG, Belo Horizonte, MG, Brasil https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1774-4367
  • Ana Cecília de Sena Oliveira Graduanda, Medicina, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, UFMG, Belo Horizonte, MG, Brasil https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7794-8399
  • Rachel Leirner Argelazi Graduanda, Medicina, Faculdade de Ciências Médicas da Santa Casa de São Paulo, FCMSCSP, São Paulo, SP, Brasil https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0760-4224
  • Ana Cristina Simões e Silva Docente, Faculdade de Medicina, Departamento de Pediatria, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, UFMG, Belo Horizonte, MG, Brasil https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9222-3882
  • Débora Marques de Miranda Professora Associada, Departamento de Pediatria, Coordenadora do Centro de Tecnologia da Faculdade de Medicina, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, UFMG, Belo Horizonte, MG, Brasil https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7081-8401

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.25118/2763-9037.2023.v13.792

Palavras-chave:

sono, crianças, adolescentes, transtornos do neurodesenvolvimento

Resumo

Introdução: O sono é um construto multimodal que se relaciona à qualidade de vida de crianças e adolescentes. Portanto, problemas ligados ao sono podem afetar a atenção, comportamentos externalizadores e internalizadores. Durante a pandemia, crianças e adolescentes foram apontados como grupos de risco para o desenvolvimento de problemas de sono comparados com outros grupos etários. Objetivo: Realizar uma busca sistemática na literatura médica para investigar os efeitos da pandemia de COVID-19 sobre os hábitos de sono de crianças e adolescentes. Metodologia: A busca foi realizada nas bases de dados Pubmed, Scopus e Cochrane Library. Após processo de seleção e leitura, 133 artigos, com 234.852 participantes de 45 países, preencheram os critérios de inclusão. Analisamos dados de duração do sono, horas de acordar e de dormir, fatores de risco e as particularidades de indivíduos com transtornos do neurodesenvolvimento. Resultados: Observou-se aumento nas horas de sono, atraso na hora de acordar, e queda na qualidade do sono. Entre os fatores de risco, foram analisados idade, gênero, diagnóstico prévio, tempo de tela e sedentarismo. Para crianças com transtornos do neurodesenvolvimento, a heterogeneidade das metodologias e as limitações da amostragem inviabilizam generalizações. Conclusão: O principal problema identificado não foram as horas de sono, mas o aumento da frequência de transtornos relacionados ao sono e mudanças no seu ritmo. O entendimento dessas mudanças pode auxiliar no esclarecimento dos efeitos de longo prazo e das consequências relacionadas à pandemia, à relação entre sono e estresse e outros transtornos, necessários para repensar a rotina dessa população.

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Biografia do Autor

Bruno da Silva Athanasio, Graduando, Medicina, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, UFMG, Belo Horizonte, MG, Brasil

Ana Cecília de Sena Oliveira, Graduanda, Medicina, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, UFMG, Belo Horizonte, MG, Brasil

Rachel Leirner Argelazi, Graduanda, Medicina, Faculdade de Ciências Médicas da Santa Casa de São Paulo, FCMSCSP, São Paulo, SP, Brasil

Ana Cristina Simões e Silva, Docente, Faculdade de Medicina, Departamento de Pediatria, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, UFMG, Belo Horizonte, MG, Brasil

Débora Marques de Miranda, Professora Associada, Departamento de Pediatria, Coordenadora do Centro de Tecnologia da Faculdade de Medicina, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, UFMG, Belo Horizonte, MG, Brasil

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2023-06-27

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Athanasio B da S, Oliveira AC de S, Argelazi RL, Silva ACS e, Miranda DM de. Como a pandemia de COVID-19 afetou os hábitos de sono das crianças e dos adolescentes: uma revisão sistemática. Debates em Psiquiatria [Internet]. 27º de junho de 2023 [citado 24º de junho de 2024];13:1-85. Disponível em: https://revistardp.org.br/revista/article/view/792

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