Meditação de atenção plena na mulher: o que é ruído e o que é evidência? Uma revisão narrativa

Autores

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.25118/2763-9037.2024.v14.1097

Resumo

Introdução: A saúde mental da mulher é influenciada por particularidades e variações hormonais que podem predispor a diversos transtornos mentais. Com base na evidência das práticas de meditação de atenção plena (mindfulness) em populações gerais, estas intervenções têm o potencial de modular a psicopatologia feminina, promovendo melhoria na saúde mental. Métodos: Uma revisão narrativa foi realizada com a finalidade de avaliar a relação entre a prática de atenção plena e a saúde mental da mulher. Foram consultadas as bases de dados Pubmed, MEDLINE, Embase e Cochrane, selecionando os artigos em inglês publicados nos últimos dez anos. Resultados e Discussão: Os resultados dos estudos incluídos nesta revisão apontam para a eficácia da atenção plena nos processos de manejo de estresse e na promoção da regulação emocional em mulheres. As práticas de meditação de atenção plena foram consistentemente associadas a uma atenuação nos sintomas de condições específicas à saúde mental da mulher, tais como: transtorno disfórico pré-menstrual; depressão, estresse e ansiedade na gestação e pós-parto; estresse na perimenopausa; disfunções sexuais e transtorno alimentar, especialmente episódios de compulsão alimentar e comer emocional. Evidenciam-se ainda algumas fragilidades metodológicas das pesquisas sobre meditação atenção plena em mulheres. Conclusão: A prática de mindfulness evidencia-se como uma intervenção benéfica e com amplas aplicações na saúde mental feminina. Destaca-se o impacto positivo no manejo de patologias associadas ao ciclo reprodutivo e nos transtornos alimentares, recomendando-se a expansão de pesquisas com melhor qualidade metodológica que tenham como enfoque os efeitos terapêuticos no espectro da saúde mental da mulher.

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Biografia do Autor

Igor Emanuel Vasconcelos e Martins Gomes, Psiquiatra, I Psi Saúde Mental Ltda, Fortaleza, CE, Brasil

Maria Marta Neves de Oliveira, Psiquiatra, Associação Brasileira de Psiquiatria, ABP, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil

Patrícia Pimenta Lemos, Psiquiatra, Associação Brasileira de Psiquiatria, ABP, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil

Priscilla Santos Miguel Maistro, Psiquiatra, Associação Brasileira de Psiquiatria, ABP, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil

Christiane Carvalho Ribeiro, Psiquiatra, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, UFMG, Belo Horizonte, MG, Brasil

Hewdy Lobo Ribeiro, Psiquiatra, Vida Mental Serviços Médicos, São Paulo, SP, Brasil

Jerônimo de Almeida Mendes Ribeiro, Psiquiatra, Associação Brasileira de Psiquiatria, ABP, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil

Ritele Hernandez da Silva , Psiquiatra, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, UFSC, Florianópolis, SC, Brasil

Antônio Geraldo da Silva, Pós-Doutor em Medicina Molecular, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, UFMG, Belo Horizonte, MG, Brasil

Joel Rennó Junior , Psiquiatra, Universidade de São Paulo, USP, São Paulo, SP, Brasil

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Publicado

2024-05-30

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1.
Gomes IEV e M, Oliveira MMN de, Lemos PP, Maistro PSM, Ribeiro CC, Ribeiro HL, Ribeiro J de AM, Silva RH da, Silva AG da, Rennó Junior J. Meditação de atenção plena na mulher: o que é ruído e o que é evidência? Uma revisão narrativa . Debates em Psiquiatria [Internet]. 30º de maio de 2024 [citado 24º de junho de 2024];14:1-21. Disponível em: https://revistardp.org.br/revista/article/view/1097

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